Responsibilities of the County Commissioners:
County Commissioners are elected only in counties where a majority of the voters have adopted a commissioner form of fiscal court at an election help pursuant to KRS67.050. County commissioners hold no other powers or duties outside of those held as members of the fiscal court, except that they may perform marriages if authorized by the Governor or the county judge/executive (KRS 402.050).
The fiscal court consists of the county judge/executive and the county commissioners. The county judge executive is a member and the presiding officer of the fiscal court, by virtue of Section144 of the Constitution. The courts have consistently held that as a member of the court, the judge executive has the same powers as any other fiscal court member, including the right to vote on all matters coming before the court. The county judge executive also has numerous other executive duties and powers, however, independent of his membership on the fiscal court. By contrast, the others fiscal court members (commissioners) have official power only when fiscal court is in session. When the fiscal court is adjourned, magistrates or commissioners posses no administrative or executive power in relation to county government. Commissioners may solemnize marriages when authorized by the Governor of Kentucky or the county judge executive of their county.
General Powers and Duties
KRS.67.080 establishes a general outline of the fiscal court's responsibilities. Under this statute the fiscal court is permitted to appropriate county funds for lawful purposes, buy and sell county property, supervise the fiscal affairs of the county and county officers, and exercise all other corporate powers. Further, the fiscal court may investigate all activities of county government and establish appointive offices and define their duties (KRS.67.080).
This statute also mandates certain fiscal court duties. The fiscal court must appropriate county funds for various purposes required by law. Additionally, the fiscal court is responsible for the construction, operation and maintenance of county buildings, roads and other property and for the incarceration of prisoners. Incarceration of prisoners may be accomplished either by maintaining a jail or by contracting with another county to provide jail space. Finally, the fiscal court is directed to adopt an administrative code for the county (KRS.67.080).